Test 3 (Chapter 3 Verbal Communication)

T F 1. Encoding means assigning meanings of words into thoughts of our own.

T F 2. When I say to someone, "Let's have lunch sometime," even though I realize that we probably never will, I am using metatalk.

T F 3. Denotative meaning refers to the individualized, personalized meaning that we give to a word.

T F 4. When you say that you need "to use the rest room" instead of saying, "I have to go to the toilet," you are using slang.

T F 5. Paraphrasing is the repetition of a message in the same words.

T F 6. When we say that "the word is not the thing," we mean that the word is an abstraction, a simplification, a symbol of that for which it stands.

T F 7. A code consists of symbols, letters, or worlds with arbitrary meanings arranged by the rules of syntax and used to communicate.

T F 8. Semantics is the science of meaning in language.

T F 9. When a professor says that in order to avoid being counted absent you must come to scheduled classes, come to class before the bell, stay the entire class period, and leave only when dismissed, she is using an operational definition.

T F 10. The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis states that our perception of reality is shaped by our language.

T F 11. When we say that "words are arbitrary," we mean that words have a meaning in and of themselves, a meaning that is the same for everyone using that language.

T F 12. Dating is a term in general semantics that means communication is improved if you always specify how your observation was made.

T F 13. To say that "fraternity guys are rich" is a violation of the general semanticist's notion of indexing.

14. Which of the following is NOT a true statement about slang and jargon?

A. Jargon is likely to be used by technical/professional people.

B. Slang is likely to be used in the neighborhood and on the streets.

C. Jargon is most likely to be used in the workplace.

D. Slang is not understood or used by most people.

15. The same bottom-feeding fish known as bullheads in Minnesota are called catfish in Ohio. This language phenomenon is classified as

A. slang

B. regionalism

C. euphemism

D. colloquialism

16. Which of the following is NOT an example of a cliché?

A. "You only get out of it what you put in it."

B. "Our country is more of a banquet than a melting pot."

C. "The rich get richer and the poor get poorer."

D. "No pain, no gain."

17. Paraphrasing is the act of

A. repeating what you think you heard

B. repeating what you think you heard in your own words

C. reporting what you think you heard in the same words that you think you heard

D. responding to what you think you heard with a creative interpretation of what you think you heard

18. The term that refers to the arrangement of words is

A. grammar

B. code

C. encoding

D. syntax

19. Which of the following does NOT mean that "words are arbitrary?"

A. Words have inherent meaning

B. Words are created by people

C. The meaning of words are decided by listeners

D. Things are named by people

20. Which of the following statements about language is false?

A. Words have only meanings which people give them.

B. Words also have connotative meanings.

C. The context in which a word occurs helps us determine which of the possible meanings is intended.

D. The meaning of a word does not change once it is included in the dictionary.

21. Which of the statements below is an example of euphemism?

A. toilet

B. can

C. head

D. rest room

22. Semantics can be defined as the

A. science of meaning in language

B. study of transformational grammar

C. discipline devoted to creating words

D. systematic examination of spelling and syntax

23. Which of the following does NOT accurately describe what we mean when we say that language is personal?

A. We each have different vocabularies

B. We develop or own expressions to describe our own reality

C. We have different levels of experience that limit or expand our capacity to communicate ideas and things

D. We each have developed language without the influence of our age, gender or personality

24. The best definition of decoding from the choices below is the

A. translation of thoughts into words

B. interpretation, assignment of meaning, and conversion of the words into thoughts of our own

C. arrangement of words according to the rules of language

D. taking of thoughts, converting them into language, and conveying them to another

25. Which of the following examples best depicts the denotative meaning of a word?

A. Abortion is the murder of a fetus.

B. Abortion is the termination of a pregnancy in the first trimester.

C. Abortionis the last ditch birth control.

D. Abortion is the death of a human soul.

26. Which of the following is an operational definition?

A. A friend is someone who likes to be with you, who stands by you in time of trouble, and who listens to you when you need an ear.

B. Love is a mystery, a feeling of euphoria inspired by the thought of being together.

C. Chemistry is the study of everything since everything consists of chemical elements.

D. A book is a companion that provides you with pleasing diversion during your quiet times.

27. Which of the following best typifies the meaning of the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis?

A. The thought is the father to the deed.

B. If you can't say it, you can't think it.

C. Your language shapes your perception.

D. Your perceptions shape your language.

28. Which of the following ideas is NOT conveyed by expressions like "the word is not the thing" and "the map is not the territory?"

A. Words are abstractions of that for which they stand

B. Words are simplifications of that for which they stand

C. Words are symbols of something else, not the thing itself

D. Words are universally understood because they mean something very similar to everybody

29. Which of the following statements is descriptive as opposed to evaluative?

A. That test was the toughest torture I've experienced.

B. The test made my hair stand on end.

C. I counted twenty questions of which I was uncertain.

D. I think I flunked the test because it was unfair.

30. Which of the following is the best example of concreteness?

A. I'm from the States.

B. My hometown is Isle, Minnesota, population 521.

C. Sure, I'm from the Midwest.

D. The place where I'm from is the friendliest town in America.

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