Comm 101
Chapter 4 Nonverbal Communication

T F 1. With nonverbal communication you need to assess the other person's unique behavior and consider the context to make a better interpretation.

T F 2. In the study of nonverbal communication, the focus is on both intentional and nonintentional cues.

T F 3. Proxemics is the study of pronunciation and articulation in nonverbal communication.

T F 4. The study of nonverbal communication includes symbols that are not words and nonword sounds that convey meaning.

T F 5. I throw a small piece of paper out of the driver's side of the car, and the person behind me thinks I am going to make a left turn. This episode is an example of an intentional cue misperceived as having another intention.

T F 6. In nonverbal communication we use the same cue to communicate a number of different meanings.

T F 7. A nonverbal move that controls communication such as starting to move away is an example of a nonverbal cue called an adaptor.

T F 8. Men claim more space for themselves than small people and women.

T F 9. When I wave "hello" to someone in the distance, I am using a nonverbal cue called an illustrator.

T F 10. I embrace my friend at his father's funeral. This episode is an example of intentional nonverbal communication interpreted as intentional.

T F 11. According to Hall's categories standing four to twelve feet from another is called public distance.

T F 12. Appropriate distance is culturally determined.

T F 13. A woman who wears an engagement ring, sorority pin, and an expensive gold bracelet is communicating nonverbally through artifacts.

T F 14. The amount of touching that takes place between people varies depending on the nation in which they live.

T F 15. Kinesics is the study of posture, movement, gestures, and facial expression.

T F 16. The least touching occurs between fathers and sons.

T F 17. Male children receive more touching from their mothers than do female children.

T F 18. Paralinguistic features of vocal cues are called "nonverbal" even though they include nonword sounds.

T F 19. In nonverbal communication we use a variety of cues to communicate the same meaning.

T F 20. Audiences who can see the speaker's nonverbal behavior understand more of the message than audiences who cannot.

21. The study of nonword sounds that communicate meaning is called

A. kinesics

B. paralinguistics

C. objectics

D. artifacts

22. Two men are arguing at the bar when the smaller one says something unkind about the other's mother. The bigger fellow glares straight ahead at his opponent, both arms and hands extended and fingers beckoning as if to say, "Cooome Heeeer." The latter fellow is using a nonverbal signal that is best described as being an

A. illustrator

B. emblem

C. affect display

D. adaptor

23. Which of the following statements about touch is false?

A. Men value touch more than women do.

B. Fathers touch sons less than mothers do.

C. Female students are touched more than male students.

D. Female children are touched more than male children.

24. To whom are you the most likely to stand the closest?

A. a state senator from another state

B. a person of the same race

C. a person who is obviously physically handicapped

D. a stranger

25. Which of the following statements about distance is false?

A. Women exhibit discomfort at the small space they are allowed by others.

B. Women and children are given little space in our American culture.

C. Women and children desire more relational closeness than do males in our society.

D. Men tend to take more room because they are usually bigger in height and weight.

26. As the woman shaded her eyes with her open hand on her brow, she said, "Wow, is it ever bright out here." The nonverbal cue here is a(n)

A. illustrator

B. emblem

C. regulator

D. adaptor

27. A distance of ten feet between two people talking is what Edward T. Hall referred to as

A. intimate distance

B. personal distance

C. social distance

D. public distance

28. He acts very interested in her, stands close, looks deep into her eyes, and brings her drinks during the party. She observes his words and actions and dares to believe that he is falling in love with her on this first meeting. Which of the following questions would an expert on nonverbal communication NOT ask?

A. Is this behavior typical of him (i.e., does he do it to someone at every party).

B. Is this party context where everyone is a bit high on occasion that invites this behavior.

C. Are his verbal and nonverbal behaviors consistent with each other?

D. Why shouldn't I just go home with this guy? All the nonverbal cues indicate interest and sincerity.

29. As he drove out of the driveway, he saw his wife waving but did not realize that she wanted him to stop to avoid running over the tricycle. He thought she was just waving good-bye. The problem in this nonverbal episode is that we

A. use a variety of cues to communicate the same meaning

B. use the same cue to communicate a variety of meanings

C. have a one-to-one relationship between signal and meaning so that one cue has one meaning

D. have many ways to say good-bye including handshakes, hugging, and waving

30. Who is more likely to use touch as a means of communicating?

A. a white American from Salt Lake City, Utah

B. a black woman from Puerto Rico

C. an English gentleman from London

D. a Frenchman from Paris.

31. Communicating by touch is called

A. tactile objectives

B. objectives

C. territoriality

D. kinesics

32. Which of the following findings is true of the relationship between dress and personality?

A. People who dress with comfort in mind tend to be low in self-control and introverted.

B. People who dress in a decorative style tend to be unsociable and intellectual.

C. People who are conformist in dress are expressive, dominant, and unrestrained in social situation.

D. People who conform to current styles seek to be accepted and liked.

33. Which of the following is NOT included in the study of proxemics?

A. distance

B. space

C. sound

D. territoriality

34. Which of the following CANNOT be used to indicate paralinguistic cues?

A. emotional states

B. personality characteristics

C. intelligence

D. physical characteristics

35. Which of the following are NOT paralinguistic features?

A. pitch, rate, and inflection

B. volume, voice quality, and silence

C. pronunciation, enunciation, and articulation

D. sounds with meaning and words without meaning

36. Which statement about clothing and the perceptions of others is NOT verified by research?

A. Clothing affects others' impression of status.

B. Clothing and artifacts are unrelated to how acceptable we find other people to be.

C. Clothing is often cited by women as the most important characteristic when describing another's popularity.

D. Brightly colored clothing is associated with sophistication, immorality, and physical attractiveness.

37. Sandeep Shukla was fishing far from shore when his friend on shore appeared to be vigorously signaling him to return. Unfortunately, he came back a long distance before he realized that his friend was not even facing the water and that he was simply doing his morning exercises. This episode is an example of which kind of intentionality in nonverbal communication?

A. intentional nonverbal communication interpreted as intentional

B. an intentional cue misperceived as having another intention

C. an unintentional cue perceived as intentional

D. a cue sent and received unintentionally

38. Which statement about nonverbal use of space is false?

A. Strangely enough, people tend to stand close together in a large space like an auditorium.

B. Strangely enough, people tend to stay farther apart in small places like elevators.

C. Middle-class suburbanites tend to have open backyards, but suburbanites in Latin America tend to have walls.

D. Americans tend to stand much closer to each other than do people from most other countries.

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